What Is Brain Drain?

Brain drain is also known as “The human capital flight”. It can be simply defined as the mass emigration of technically skilled people from one country to another country. Brain-drain can have many reasons, for example-political instability of a nation, lack of opportunities, health risks, personal conflicts etc. Brain-drain can also be named as “human capital flight” because it resembles the case of capital flight, in which mass migration of financial capital is involved.

brain-drainThe term brain-drain was introduced by observing the emigration of the various technologists, doctors and scientists, from various developing countries (including Europe) to more developed nations like USA. Now this phenomenon of brain drain has a conversed effect for a country in which people are getting migrated and brain-drain of a nation becomes brain-gain for that particular country. Usually all developing countries including India are suffering from brain drain and developed countries like USA are having brain gain from this phenomenon.

Brain drain from Europe
A few years before, Europe was one of extreme sufferers of the brain-drain. In Europe brain drain was occurring in two stages. First was the migration of workers from the southeastern Europe and Eastern Europe to the Western Europe. And other stage of brain-drain was the migration from Western Europe to the USA. But this cycle of migration is getting slower these days. To stop the brain-drain Europe community also launched a provision called “Blue-card”. It’s same as green-card facility of USA. In fact EU was getting much more liable for the immigrants of Asia in last decade in order to compensate the brain-drain. But at the same time EU is worried about the effects of foreign population on culture and environment of Europe, so these days EU is implying some strict rules to regulate flow of immigrants.

Africa
This continent has suffered maximum because of brain-drain. According to a survey Ethiopia lost its 75 % of skilled workers in the years 1980-1991. This mass migration of skilled workers is showing extremely detrimental effects on the development of nation. In the similar manner Kenya and Nigeria are also great sufferers of brain-drain.

Middle East

Countries of Middle East like Iraq, Iran etc are also great sufferers of the phenomena of brain-drain. Lack of some basic facilities and services are the reasons for the mass migration from these areas. Dictatorship, terrorism, orthodox attitude are basic hurdles of development of this region.

Asia
brain-darin-2Countries like china, Pakistan, Russia and India are also facing problems of brain-drain. Unemployment, population explosion and corrupt political systems are main reasons for migration of skilled workers from Asia. In countries like India, Pakistan, Bangladesh etc graduates, post graduates, experienced and skilled professionals are not getting enough opportunities to develop and succeed. So with dreams of development these professionals leave their native country in search of better future. This brain-drain is a great loss to these developing countries.

What Is Brain Gain

On the other hand brain-gain is just an opposite situation to brain-drain. Countries in which skilled workers are migrating are said to brain-gaining countries. Examples include- USA, Canada and UK. These countries are having brain-gain because these nations are rich and have enough work opportunities. Moreover, they provide better facilities and life styles.

Conclusion
For the balance of power and for the staggered development of the world, it is very important to stop the phenomena of brain-drain. This will help a particular country to use all local skilled citizens for development and proliferation. But to hold these skilled workers at their native places, it is also important to provide them enough work opportunities and living facilities. For this purpose, developed nations should help developing countries with necessary money and resources. So that each and every human of this planet can have good standard of living and each and every nation can introduce itself as a developed nation.

Category: History, Government & Society, Jobs & Education

93 Comments on “What Is Brain Drain?”


nicole wrote:

cool we are doing it at school so thanks for doing it!!!!!!!!!!!

sincearly nicole harrington age 10 and come from south africa

solomon ochu wrote:

a brain can only be drain, when another brain discover the value, skills and potential the other brain portray because there is lack of enveroumental opportunity.

am from nigeria, lagos state university, lagos state. and we are presently running the coure in school

SMILIN wrote:

i think the major cause of brain drain is lack of opportunity
and also youths are in search of money and fame not to serve their country
so it is almost unavoidable

kunal gaurav wrote:

i think the major cause of brain drain is, the youth can get the opportunities to show their talent, and also the money factor which our govt. is not providing to us.

sowndarya wrote:

in my view 1st in indians human characters should be change,means 1st they dnt hav luv and affection of our country,otherwise we r also in brain gaining stage,wheather d skilled people thinking 2 migration 4m india.

bhuvi wrote:

ya……brain drain should be avoided in our country

RAJ wrote:

I think the major cause for Brain Drain is the political unstability of that country. The talent never ends, and there are no limits of one’s talent but there is a need to encourage the talent, and that encouragement the person gets from developed countries whether it will be name,
fame or money.

Dilip Kumar Dey wrote:

Telented professionals, researchers and crative persons seek proper environmental, psycho-social and economic support to work and to show excellence. So they leave their country althouh they love their nation. This trend is there from old time.This is historic phemenon.

pedram wrote:

Hi. i just wanted to say that the brain drain is the stuff that we are facing now in our country. and the mail reason is lac of knowledg here. i`m from iran.

kibet wrote:

politics should cease for solution to be acheived

avi wrote:

brain drian is nothing but we can’t show our real talent,knowledge lack of our value and pay scale

Pragya wrote:

this one is very helpful, I needed it for my school debate.

reddy wrote:

it is very useful, thank you

ryk wrote:

Leaders of countries suffering brain drain should do something to stop it.

vijay wrote:

nice it helped a lot for me in my seminar

;))))));(((((; wrote:

yo its bad “humans —skilled persons just drain their brains somewhere else

…………………………………………………………………..stop draining your brain ….. :((((((

shiva wrote:

As man needs are increasing, it is impossible to stop …

pranav wrote:

The talented people are thinking that their country is poor so their doing the ‘Brain Drain’.

inayat wrote:

i think brain drain is very useful for a country, because foreign currency can improve our economy.

nalla chaitanya wrote:

We can say that lack of opportunities is the main cause of bain drain but why it is not happening in developed countries.

Its we who should try to change things create opportunities. Come on Indians, we can do it.

sunil kumar singh wrote:

brain drain is not good for any developing country because they have not enough knowleged and skilled to do better

preety wrote:

our country is not a poor country.students get education frm india and used in another country so thats why they develop the other countries not our country i.e INDIA.

soumya wrote:

this is due corrupt politics in our nation.

Asha Verma wrote:

brain drain is good to the people who are skilled
and do not get better opportunities in their country

pawan(T.E PROD) wrote:

“BRAIN DRAIN IS NOT ONLY DRAINING OF OUR TALENT BUT ALSO OUR THINK “

ganesh wrote:

also if we think in another point of view, we couldn’t find a right place to explore the talent in our country, though it happens only at very few cases………

Mukesh Hinduja: wrote:

As thing brain drian is nothing really totally bad. As students going to the abroad like U.S. , Austrelia etc. for the equcation and they insire from that country knowledge as there univercities and they become familiar with that country and finnaly they generally setteled with that country. This we called BRAIN-DRAIN.
As we all known, India is developing country and we all Indian are the part of country. It’s our duty or may called responsiblity to help as possible. For that matter we be should make ensure that pollitically stapility, proper education system, practical knowledge, higher education facility will be provided in our country.
Ok. Thanks

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Ali Derakhshan wrote:

I am the citizen of the world; it makes no difference where I was born.
To the best of my knowledge, the paramount responsibility of each and every individual is to give satisfactory services to other humans wholeheartedly. The creams of the society are so punctilious that they distinguish goods from bads. However, you need to have patriotic devotion and be chauvinistic.

winner singh wrote:

I think the major cause for Brain Drain is the politicians
if they change there criteria, give more opportunities to the youngers then it may be solve the problem of brian drain

subrina wrote:

Hi am a student of secondary school and ready some of theses people comments r really sick…….they talking every ting for jokes……..Thanks for this infromation cause am a cxc student…

shridhar pandey wrote:

I think, its due the lack of patriotism…..it should be prime objective of the government to do some thing.

lydiah zachary wrote:

in deed brain drain is soon becoming disasterious and may be researchers should help in finding solutions to this. i believe its major cause is the instability and lack of growth of the economies of most countries especially developing countries. thanks for this useful information

Naveen Kumar Thakur wrote:

In my opinion the lucrative lifestyle of developed nations is also a reason
for young prfessionals from India to migrate .

sundaramoorthy wrote:

It is my humble request that don’t migrate your skills and also the nations proud.

Tanya Tavares wrote:

Due to brain drain Indians now work for other nations. This happens when people want to fulfill certain needs which they feel, India can’t due to reasons such as corrupt politics, population, etc.Man’s wants are unlimited. So in search of better and greener pastures he migrates. After all in today’s world who thinks of the nation….? Forget the nation, who even thinks of their next door neighbor. And in the phase of globalization, its a no. But yes, it is possible to control brain drain by proper expenditure of the national finance to start universities in india and more job opportunities..But as people perceive India..i mean the mindset of people needs to change. We have to value our nation and believe that yes India can and will come up with time. As our beliefs generate thoughts and our thoughts generate actions.

Sandeep Kocheta wrote:

I think its more of family pressure in India than the attractive and fashionable lifestyle in countries abroad. Indian families also pressurize for a life abroad. From the place i come, there if a family has three kids, one is an engineer in US the other is an architect in UK and the Third is a Dentist in Australia, but then they are least bothered about the problems back in India. Brain Drain Theory Pro-founded by Dada Bhai Naouroji had left an impact in his early days but later in mid 80′s the IT bubble and the corporate life had left again India in loss of skillful and talented pool out of the country, i really don’t understand much educated Indians still leave their mother land hungry and leave us for aid from other countries, if our talent stays back with us we could be a great aid to ourselves

Friends its time to sit back and think who are we and what are we Think about reverse Brain DRAIN…

amresh wrote:

brain drain is caused due to insufficient facilities in our country n personal problems. for this the political power must be strong . so that our country intrnally strong and most important thing when we think about our country then this brain drain is stop….

suganth wrote:

i think more our country is not a poor country.

sharmi wrote:

in my opinion, many people prefer go abroad becoz they are well paid.moreover they are attracted with those cultures and traditions. and they feel very proud in working abroad. i think these are the reasons that leads india to be in brain drain.

devendra singh rathore wrote:

Brain drain in india is due to……………..
seats are limited and people(skilled one)are troo much………

ravi wrote:

brain drain should stop in India .india’s people should force goverment to give better life

nadia wrote:

I think brain drain is not bad for any person or for their country. people should go abroad for betterment…..it will improve the standard of living and by sending foreign exchange, their country’s GNP will increase…and by that economic stability will increase.

Aimal Khan wrote:

As u know excess of every thing is bad so excess of brain drain is also bad doctors engineers and great people should live in their country and poor should be encouraged to go to other countries.

Aimal Khan wrote:

Excess of every thing is bad so excess of brain drain is also bad doctors engineers and great people should live in their country and poor should be encouraged to go to other countries.

puja singh wrote:

i think people feel working in foreign country is very prestigious work but i think it must be stopped.

Atif wrote:

It should be stopped because it is very bad for developing countries like our country India.

Maneeha Koneru wrote:

Well, no idea how the topic got diverted to this..but i would like to place my opinion here when it has leaded to this..
I am on site in London, UK for a while and basically from India, the main reason for me to come here is to earn money which everyone does and i had many debts to clear which I’ve had in India. And moreover I am working at client’s place though the client pays to my company for 7 days a week. So it means that I’m serving my Indian company and making revenue. So, with this I’m benefited along with my company by getting paid in UK ccy. This is a real example I’ve told. No one wants to serve other country by leaving behind their lovely family and friends, it’s just a matter of circumstances. Kind regards…..Maneeha.

MANOJ KUMAR wrote:

Yeah, it is a big and very serious problem of brain-drain, and i am not in favor of it but, I want to say that for this draining we are also responsible, our govt. is responsible. People spend a lot of money on education but at the time of job they get a little of money which is not sufficient to live their lives and on the other hand other country gives them more money and luxurious facilities, so here i want to say through this message that our govt. also have to take steps towards this big problem “THE BRAIN-DRAIN”

Opara solomon wrote:

This subject has really infected our economy in Nigeria. We keep loosing our potential expects to developed countries.

Opara solomon(Nigeria) wrote:

Developed nations should rather assist the developing or underdeveloped nations so as to forestall the issue of brain drain.

Bilal Shaukat wrote:

I think brain drain must be of lower level. At school, home, or even at an organizational level. But, brain drain done with the people of a country, causes many problems, in economy, trade, education etc. Pakistan is suffering just because of this brain drain.

venkateswara reddy wrote:

Brain drain is very bad for developing countries like India, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh etc…
If corruption is stopped in India automatically brain drain will also end.
Another reason for Brain Drain is lack of opportunities in India. Govt.should take care of giving opportunities and living facilities to the skilled persons in India.

himabindu wrote:

It is really a serious issue every nation. I question to Indian government how is it concentrating on scientific research in India when compared to its expenditure on maintenance of each politicians.

Dharminder Singh wrote:

Brain drain is bad for the development of the country. The government should take rigid steps to stop the brain drain. The professionals should be provided opportunities to use their skills and knowledge. On the other end it helps to have access to the latest technologies available in the world through persons employed in other countries. The skilled professionals working in other countries should be encouraged to set up in our country by giving them incentives.

sony wrote:

Even In India …they drained my brain without my awareness….they use my brain for merely entertainment and marketing..they abuse my trust and as declined my freedom and put in cage and avoid everything that legally as a citizen have to get.
They forced and allow a family to grow up me in a very ugly situation. They mislead me to lead a pathetic life.

ishu wrote:

I am supporting to go abroad because so many talented persons are in India but government is not supporting and not investing money. So they are going abroad and they implement their talent and earn money, that is not wrong.

neema gupta wrote:

In my opinion brain drain is good in some aspects and bad in others. In case of foreign currency, it is good. But when we think of growth of a country, it is not good.

Ravi Roshan wrote:

In a simple language mean the people who study in their own nation and after study they go to foreign to work and earn.
Ok thanks

sasi wrote:

Now in these days India has been facing this brain drain.We mus stop this otherwise our country will loss lot of hardworking people.

651 wrote:

Brain drain is on of the most important factor when considering emigration. UNDP calculates that India loses about $2 billion due to emigration of computer experts from India to America.

neha patel wrote:

In my opinion, many people prefer go abroad because they are well paid. Moreover they are attracted with those cultures and traditions and they feel very proud in working abroad. I think these are the reasons that leads India to be in brain drain.

neha patel wrote:

I think the major cause for Brain Drain is the political instability of that country. The talent never ends, and there are no limits of one’s talent but there is a need to encourage the talent, and that encouragement the person gets from developed countries whether it will be name, fame or money.

Talented professionals, researchers and creative persons seek proper environmental, psycho-social and economic support to work and to show excellence. So they leave their country although they love their nation. This trend is there from old time.This is historic phenomenon. That’s all.

dharshu wrote:

This type of problem is seen mostly in developing countries. In my opinion one who get basic education in a particular nation should serve the same nation.

tahira wrote:

Brain drain is due to less opportunities for skilled people in India. To stop this we should provide them with better jobs. This will help a country to develop more in its respective fields.

ramya wrote:

Brain drain is due to lack of opportunity of getting good jobs in their own nation and scarcity of money.

SAJAN wrote:

For the balance of power and for the staggered development of the world, it is very important to stop the phenomena of brain-drain. This will help a particular country to use all local skilled citizens for development and proliferation. But to hold these skilled workers at their native places, it is also important to provide them enough work opportunities and living facilities. For this purpose, developed nations should help developing countries with necessary money and resources. So that each and every human of this planet can have good standard of living and each and every nation can introduce itself as a developed nation.

HARMANDEEP wrote:

I am the citizen of the world; it makes no difference where I was born.
To the best of my knowledge, the paramount responsibility of each and every individual is to give satisfactory services to other humans wholeheartedly. The creams of the society are so punctilious that they distinguish good from bad. However, you need to have patriotic devotion and be chauvinistic.

SATYA FAUJDAR wrote:

People should not leave their own country only for money. It is known to all of us that the skilled and talented persons are getting good salary in their own country i.e. India. So instead of developing other countries we should develop our country. We should use our knowledge for the well being of our own countrymen.

manjinder wrote:

Brain drain is such a problem which is created by own people who think that other countries are best than their native country. Developed countries are developed by their own people.

Akanksha wrote:

I hope brain drain stops and even our country become the well developed nation…..

SRI HARSHITH RAJAM wrote:

Hi friends, I’m Harshith from India. According to me Brain Drain is simply Slavery. We have born, grown up, and received our education from our homeland, and finally using our talent for other nations’ benefit is simply annoying. It’s a disgrace on our part.
Let’s improve our native places. If this Brain Drain system carries on, when will the development gap between the nations be bridged up. This is the right time to prove our real patriotism.
Let’s dedicate our services to our own countries till our last breath.

Naresh Achu wrote:

Brain drain is only due to search of money. If a man had a love, patriotism towards his country will never leave their nation. Those who failed to love the nation will only leave the country. Proud to be an Indian.

Abhinav wrote:

The major cause of brain drain is the lack of opportunities which India provides. There is no difference between a person from IIT and a small college as they get the same job. so people educated from good colleges migrate foreign as they get a better platform to showcase their talent and good monetary rewards.

raj wrote:

We are in favor of globalization so why keep our think conservative. A person giving his performance for all world, not for only one country. Now we should think above the limitation of countries. We can’t grow up if we support only our region, state or country.

nikita sharma wrote:

Ya i agree that brain drain is major problem in our country, it is only due to political corruption and instability of nation……so wake up India and fight for your opportunity

nandha gopal wrote:

I don’t know the reason for brain-drain in other countries. But in India it is due to the reason that resources in India are not explored well. Agriculture in India has not been brought to corporate sector. Still now technicians in field of agriculture has not been employed. Very few agriculture colleges has been opened when compared to engineering colleges. In India the attraction towards the information technology is more compared to other studies. If the state gives more concession for students opting for agriculture and some basic courses like mathematics, statistics, physics, chemistry etc. There will an stabilization in unemployment which causing Brain-drain. Another reason for the brain-drain is due to corruption. So the industrialist will hesitate to pursue more.
Thank you.this article was useful to me.
I am nandhagopal, a student of Pondicherry University, dept. of physics.

shruti arora wrote:

Oh yeah it’s great reading above. Well I believe in globalization. It’s always good to be one rather than fighting over countries. Our population is over brimmed and our government is slow and unaware.and time has got changed. Slow and steady wins the race only when others sleep.

Syed Imran ALI wrote:

The major cause of brain drain is the lack of opportunities for the people who lives that country. There is no difference between a person from IIT and a small college as they get the same job. So people educated from good colleges migrate to foreign countries as they get a better platform to showcase their talent and good monetary rewards.

sai divya wrote:

INDIA faces BRAIN DRAIN,
USA enjoys BRAIN GAIN.

prabh wrote:

Historically, there were wars between nations about land and its appropriation. Now the land is distributed and a new type of war – brain drain has appeared. The war of technology and its control.

P vineeth kumar VI std of INDIA wrote:

THEY DON’T HAVE “LOVE” TOWARDS THEIR MOTHERLAND………………………………………………develop our country, use your brains here.

Kimone brown wrote:

I think that brain drain has a major impact on people’s life

AMARDEEP SINGH SEERA wrote:

I think brain drain is good for the developing economies. As it reduces burden on the countries resources and it provide unique opportunities for the surplus manpower to work. In countries like India and China where there is large pool of skilled manpower, if some of them migrate to other countries it doesn’t harm the growth of the nation but in turn it helps the nation to develop their international ties and business.
I know most of you will not agree to my point of view but this is my point of view.

michael alashi e. wrote:

Brain drain, from time memorial it’s a regional problem that cuts across continents showing the different status of a developed, developing and under developed countries. Brain drain can be immensely control by
1. Aid from brain gain to brain drain countries.
2. Brain drain countries should encourage local development and job creation.

Control measures by michael alashi emmanuel.

iswari wrote:

If the country provide enough opportunity for the degree/master holders why would we want to grab the opportunity in other countries….. the home country is responsible for this.

cicibee wrote:

I’m from Nigeria and our brain drain is so high cos of lack of almost everything.. you name it, and we have it, but the the issue is, when people move to developed countries like UK and USA, it’s really hard getting a good job so your qualification become a waste. Thanks so much for doing this.

Rohit wrote:

The main reason of Brain drain in India is politics.

Cyril ocloo daniel of ucc wrote:

Brain drain in Africa is mainly caused by low wages earned by the skilled labor.

Akhil Verma wrote:

Brain Drain is affecting undeveloped countries or the countries which are developing. It is like a harmful germ or insect to us. It is eating our brains and making them empty. It makes our brain empty and fills it with advantages of other countries not their own. Their brain can see only money and only money.

Bhamini Hasija wrote:

An improper environment for working is the biggest reason of brain drain from India.
Skills are not valued, in any term neither monetary wise nor socially.

Raushana wrote:

Hi everyone! I’m from Kazakhstan. My country also has the problem concerning brain drain. I think brain drain has bad effects on country, because country loses highly educated and highly skilled people, however it is very good for person who goes abroad, they have very good opportunities.

nasrin wrote:

Hi,
I m from Iran. in my country there aren’t any facilities for teenagers and young people & government for the people do not value. So most of genius like doctor SAMIEE (World’s greatest neurosurgeon) lives & works in foreign countries.

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