Where Is Stonehenge?
It is located in the English county of Wiltshire, about 3.2 kilometers west of Amesbury. It was declared a World Heritage Site in 1986 by UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization). Archeologists say the first stones were erected around 2500 BC but others say the foundations were laid as early as 3000 BC.
The whole complex was built over a period of three millennia and it was built in parts. The innermost circle was the first to be built. Archeologists say it was never completed. The innermost circle comprises of small bluestones which are believed to be from the Prescelly Mountains at the southwestern tip of Wales, situated 240 miles away. The stones in the outer circle are bigger than the small bluestones, each of them weighting as much as 50 tons each and they are thought to have been transported from the Marlborough Downs, located roughly 20 miles to the north.
The earliest mention of Stonehenge is to be found in a book ‘Bibliotheca Historica’ writer by a famous classical Greek writer Diodorus Siculus . He describes it as a place of worship. But Joseph Norman Lockyer, an English scientist and astronomer, pointed out in his book ‘Stonehenge Astronomically Considered’ that the Stonehenge was an astronomical observatory which was used to keep record of time i.e. it was a calendar. Other theories try to describe the peculiar construction of the complex by suggesting that it was a place of healing, or a place of performing rituals etc. The facts are still unclear.Category: Geography