Yellowstone is America’s first national park and it is extends across in the three US states of Wyoming, Montana and Idaho. Wyoming houses 96% of the park by land area. The park’s land area is approximately 1,980 square kilometers or 2,219,789 acres. The park is located near the headwaters of the Yellowstone River. Yellowstone Caldera, the largest super volcano on the North American continent, is also situated in the park. The park is famous for its geothermal features like geysers and its wildlife.
Native Americans, called the Red Indians had been living in the area for more than 11,000 years. This changed when European settlers discovered the park. The natives were forced to move out and the area was declared a National Park on 1 March, 1872 to preserve the flora and fauna (natives excluded!) of the land.
The forests cover 80% land area of the park, the rest is either grasslands or water. The average temperatures in Yellowstone Park range from -13 ºC to 27 ºC. The lowest temperature recorded in Yellowstone is -54 ºC and the highest ever is 36 ºC.The Park suffers from more than 2000 earthquakes a year; it has around 300 natural geysers and approximately 290 waterfalls. The tallest waterfall is 315 ft. high. Yellowstone Lake in the park is one of the highest lakes in the world. It is situated at a height of 2,376 m from the sea level and its area is 352 square kilometers or 36,400 hectares and the average depth of the lake is 43m.