Who Invented Ice Hockey?
There is evidence that a game named Mi’kmaq was played in the Eastern parts of Canada by the locals. The game is described in a book by Silas T. Rand. Early European immigrants to Canada brought with them their own games which were similar to ice-hockey. The Irish people had the sport of ‘hurling’ and the Scottish played Shinty. These can be regarded as the predecessors to ice-hockey. They were usually played on the streets.
The first recorded hockey match was played in Canada by the British soldiers, who were stationed there; therefore it is widely believed that the British soldiers who were staying in Nova Scotia in Canada invented the game in the 1850s. In the 1870s, the students of McGill University set up the rules. The rules limited the number of players to nine and the ball was replaced by a wooden puck. In 1879, rules got more formal and by the year 1885, the first national organization of hockey was established. It was named the Amateur Hockey Association of Canada. This was followed by establishment of the Le Ligue Internationale de Hockey sur Glace (International Ice Hockey Federation) in 1903. The League had only five member countries when it was founded but, by the 1950s, it was governing more than 63 national teams. There are also women’s ice-hockey teams and the sport was added as a medal sport at the Winter Olympics held in Nagano, Japan in 1998. Ice-hockey for men has been played in the Winter Olympics since 1923.
Ice-hockey is still popular in the country of its origin – Canada, where 1.5% of the population, that is nearly half a million people, is registered as hockey players.Category: Sports