Who Invented The Windmill?

A machine designed by a Greek mathematician Heron of Alexandria in the 1 AD is the earliest known example of using the winds to power a machine. There are sources, although uncertain, which suggest that the emperor of Babylonia, Hamurapi, used wind-powered-devices in 17th BC for his irrigation projects. Historical records also suggest that the Chinese and the Tibetans used wind-powered prayer wheels in 4th century AD.

Windmills were put to use on a major scale for the first time around 9th century in the town of Sistan, Iran. They were vertical axis windmills, that is – their sails ran parallel to the ground and they were used to grind corn and pump water. From there these vertical axis windmills spread to the rest of the Asia.

The windmillThe Europeans opted for horizontal axis windmills and the earliest of those windmills belong to the 12th century Holland. But the real big push came during the Industrial Revolution. It is estimated that around six million windmills were built on the American soil to run irrigation pumps during this period.

Professor James Blyth of the Anderson’s College was the first person to install a windmill in the 1887 for electricity production. It was developed by a French chemical engineer, Camille Alphonse Faure.

Category: Inventions, Technology

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