Who Invented Valentine’s Day?

The tradition of Valentine’s Day was established by the third Pope of the Catholic Church, Pope Saint Gelasius I in 500 AD. The day was named after Saint Valentine or Saint Valentinus who was a Christian martyr. The word ‘valentine’ comes from the Latin root ‘valens’ which means ‘worthy, strong or powerful.’Because a lot of the saints were named Valentine in those days, it is difficult to ascertain which Saint Valentine we are talking about. There was a pagan festival celebrated in ancient Rome. To Christianize that festival, the church gave it a name ‘Saint Valentine’s Day.’

St. Valentines’ Day begin to take the now familiar looks in the Middle Ages. Here is what the famous English poet Chaucer wrote about it in the 13th century:

For this was on seynt Volantynys day
Whan euery bryd comyth there to chese his make.

Valentines’ day

Then by the 18th century, there were some businessmen who jumped into the business of Valentine Day’s cards containing verses for the young lovers who themselves were unable to clad their sentiments in words. In those days, the Valentine Day cards were handwritten. Then came the 19th century and hand written cards gave way to published cards. This festival was introduced in Japan in 1936 and there it is known as giri choko i.e. obligatory chocolate. In Japan, on this day, female workers are obliged to gift their male coworkers, chocolates. Nowadays, it is celebrated in almost all the countries in the world except for some really pseudoconservative nations.

Category: History, Government & Society, Holidays and Traditions

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