What Causes Monsoon?

Monsoon is actually an annual phenomenon of the weather. This phenomenon originates from the earth’s rotation in respect to the sun. Monsoon winds are annual, but it is impossible to predict their duration, quantity of rain and timings of strike. Because of this reason storm prediction is not possible in the areas which come under … Read more

How Are Rainbows Formed?

A rainbow is an optical phenomenon which happens when certain metrological conditions are met. A rainbow is a spectrum of light in the sky which is formed when sunlight falls upon the droplets of moisture at certain angles with respect to us. A rainbow contains all the seven colors of the visible spectrum with red … Read more

What is Earth’s Magnetism?

Magnets are one of the moist important engineering objects. They have numerous uses in diagnostics like MRI, electricity production, mechanical running of trains etc. Several types of magnets are available to us. Behind the working power of each magnet earths magnetic field has the major role to play. Planet earth itself behaves like a big … Read more

Who Invented Natural Gas?

No one invented ‘natural gas’! Until the 1800s, it was, most of the time, merely an unwanted byproduct, which because of its explosive nature could turn out to be dangerous if not disposed of properly. It is believed that natural gas was first put to use by the Chinese around 1000 BC. Pipes were put … Read more

How is soil formed?

The granular material that forms the upper layer of the land surface on the earth is called soil. Soil is necessary for the plants to grow. Living beings cannot live without plants as the plants provide them food. Plants provide food to the living beings. Therefore, we can say that soil is a life giving … Read more

What is Volcanic Eruption?

A volcano can be simply defined as a rupture or an opening on the crust of a planet like earth. This opening allows hot ash, molten rock and gases to blow off from the underground spaces. Volcanoes generally acquire shape of a mountain. Volcanoes are usually found at places where tectonic plates get converged or … Read more

Who Discovered Crude Oil (Petroleum)?

Unrefined petroleum has been utilized by humans for more than 5000 years for different purposes so it becomes difficult to narrow down to the person who first extracted petroleum from the ground and used it deliberately for some purpose. Petroleum is a mixture of hydrocarbons (organic compounds containing both hydrogen and carbon). Before the Industrial … Read more

Who Invented Iron?

Iron has always been around therefore, it can be discovered and not invented. Even the question ‘who discovered iron?’ is a very complex one. The humans have been using iron since the Iron Age, which began around 12th century BC in Asia and ended when with the dawn of Buddhism and Jainism in India and … Read more

How are Valleys formed?

Valleys are wide plains or irregular areas with gradual slope between the mountains. In India, the city of Srinagar lies in one of the most beautiful valleys of the world. Do you know how valleys are formed? Mostly, the valleys are formed by rivers, when the water of the streams originating on hilltops falls down … Read more

What Causes Tides?

Major reason of the tides is the gravitational pull produced on the surface of earth by the Moon and the sun. People generally associate the tides with the oceans only, but actually the whole planet (including the atmosphere) is under the effects of tidal forces. In fact, all the celestial bodies are also under the … Read more

Who Discovered Carbon?

Carbon is a prehistoric element which means like stone or air or gold, it is known since the antiquity. Therefore, it is not possible to name the person who discovered carbon; however, it is possible to attribute a name to someone as the discoverer of a particular property of carbon. For example; it can be … Read more

What Is Catalyst?

A catalyst can be defined as a substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction. A catalyst can be synthetic, organic or simply a metal. The process through which a particular catalyst increases the rate of a particular reaction is called as catalysis. Concept of catalysis Actually, for occurrence of any process, an energy, … Read more