(1) Engineer: An engineer is defined as a professional who applies the established principles of mathematics and science to find economical solution(s) to a technical problem. It normally requires a bachelor’s degree for an entry level job; however, some research positions may require advanced degrees.
(2) Machine Operators: Also known as machinists, their function is to operate heavy machines. Employers usually take contenders with high-school diplomas and basic computer education is also helpful in getting the employment. Machine operators work on machines which produce tools, transportation equipment and other kinds of machinery.
(3) Skilled Manual Trades: There is a stigma attached to the manual trades in many societies especially in the semi-developed societies of Asia and Africa. These trades are often held in low prestige and because of this many skilled artisans have already left the trade. But the art is highly appreciated by the collectors on the European continent and it is only because of this that few surviving artisans make their living. The recent economic boom in Asia has made the demand for the skilled manual artists to shoot up but they are in short supply.
(4) Technicians: A technician can be considered as someone in between a layman and an engineer. A person who has a thorough understanding of the theoretical principles along with the practical understanding is referred to as a technician. Technicians are found in a number of fields; from medicine to art industry.
(5) Sales Representatives: There are a multitude of jobs for the right kind of people but the employers usually find it hard to locate good sales representatives. The earnings of a sales representative are susceptible to market fluctuations. There is usually no formal education specified to become a sales person but many of the employers prefer a bachelor’s degree.
(6) Accounting and Finance Staff: These people are responsible for gathering information needed to do a particular job, process data, monitor and control how the resources are used, to organise and the plan work etc. It takes at least a bachelor’s degree with emphasis on business administration and accounting or finance as subjects; although some employers prefer to hire candidates with a master’s degree. With the economies of Asian and Latin American countries growing fast, the demand for the accounting and financial staff is going to remain high in the near future.
(7) Mechanics: A mechanic is a professional, who has been trained to repair and work on mechanical equipment. Mechanics are often considered as semi-engineers because although they are educated, their educational credentials aren’t as high as that of engineers. Mechanics can earn decent money given the scarcity of good mechanics.
(8) Labourers: Labourers are people who do physical work either by hands or using simple equipment. The advent of 21st century hasn’t exactly brought along with it machines which make manual labour totally redundant. There is no specified qualification to become a labourer; in this field experience is of prime importance.
(9) IT Staff: Sometimes, it is jokingly said that the Soviet Union collapsed because of the lack of trained IT professionals who could keep up with the Americans. Although a joke, it does indicate how important a role does the IT technology play in the modern world. It is a multi billion dollar industry and it growing by leaps and bounds, which makes the requirement for the trained IT staff to shoot up and makes these kinds of jobs among the hardest to fill.
(10) Production Operators: These people are responsible for operating the machinery on the production line. The term ‘production operator’ is a generic term which encompasses a wide range of machinery and products. The qualification usually depends upon the kind of work that the employer needs.