Why Do Camels Have Hump?

The camel is mostly found in desert, as it can stay alive in the dessert without food and water for several days. It is also known as the ‘ship of dessert’. The eyes, ears and nose of camel are formed in such a way that they are least affected by the dust of the desert. Camel is very useful for the dessert travelers. It is said that camel does not need food very frequently but this is wrong. The camel also needs water and food regularly like other animals. Camel can store water and food due to the peculiarity of its body construction. On the back of the camel there is a big hump, it is the store house of fats. The weight of the hump is about 45 kgs. The fat stored in the hump is used by the camel as a source of energy during its long journey in the dessert. There are two flask shaped bags inside the belly of the camel. These bags are used for storing water. When the camel does not get water, then it uses this stored water. The camel takes large amount of food and water before starting on a long journey in order to store enough water and fat in the body. After this long journey the camel’s hump becomes loose as the fat stored in it is almost exhausted. The water which is stored in the bags also gets consumed. The camel gets so exhausted after this long journey that it lies down on the ground and requires long rest to become normal. Again it becomes strong and healthy with the regular intake of food and water. It is said that the camel was tamed by the people of Egypt around 3000 years ago. Even these days camel is a famous for carrying goods and passengers in the sandy areas and desserts.

Written by Lucas Beaumont

Generalist. Wikipedia contributor. Elementary school teacher from Saskatchewan, Canada.

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